Evidence-Based Practices

Outcomes measurement is an important, often required, process in evaluating psychiatric rehabilitation programs.  The USPRA research committee has compiled a list of existing outcomes measurement tools used across the country for evaluation. Though not comprehensive, the list might help agencies explore options for program evaluation.  As you might guess, outcomes measured might vary depending on the type of program you are evaluating and the types of outcomes the intervention is intended to address.


USPRA Core Principles & Values (PDF)



About Evidence-Based Practices: Shaping Mental Health Services toward Recovery

The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) and its Center for Mental Health Services (CMHS) are pleased to introduce six Evidence-Based Practice Implementation Resource Kits to encourage the use of evidence-based practices in mental health. The toolkits were developed as one of several SAMHSA/CMHS activities critical to its science-to-services strategy. The toolkits contain many useful resources, including:

  • Information sheets for all stakeholder groups
  • Introductory videos
  • Practice demonstration videos
  • Workbook or manual for practitioners

The Assertive Community Treatment (ACT) Kit is now available from SAMHSA in CD/DVD format. Printed versions of all the toolkits are currently out of stock. All of the toolkits can be downloaded directly from SAMHSA’s website. Access the ACT Evidence-Based Practices Kit here.


Reference List

Assessment Tools and Bibliography


Assessment Tools – Skills Oriented


Consumer Assessment of Goals, Interests, and Skills (CASIG)

Wallace, C. J., Lecomte, T., Wilde, J., & Liberman, R. P. (2001). CASIG: A consumer-centered assessment for planning individualized treatment and evaluating program outcomes. Schizophrenia Research, 50, 105-119.

Download: http://www.ct.gov/dmhas/LIB/dmhas/MRO/CASIG.pdf (PDF)


Independent Living Skills Survey – Informant Questionnaire, Self-Report Interview

Wallace, C. J., Liberman, R. P., Tauber, R., & Wallace, J. (2000). The Independent Living Skills Survey: A comprehensive measure of the community functioning of severely and persistently mentally ill individuals. Schizophrenia Bulletin, 26(3), 631-658. Appendix contains two versions of the instrument. Available from Dr. C. J. Wallace, Psychiatric Rehabilitation Consultants, Box 2867, Camarillo, CA 93010-2867


Vocational Cognitive Rating Scale

Greig, T. C., Nicholls, S. S., Bryson, G. J., & Bell, M. D. (2004). The Vocational Cognitive Rating Scale: A scale for the assessment of cognitive functioning at work for clients with severe mental illness. Journal of Vocational Rehabilitation, 21, 71-81. Appendix contains items and behavioral anchors.


Work Behavior Inventory

Bryson, G., Bell, M. D., Lysaker, P., & Zito, W. (1997). The Work Behavior Inventory: A scale for the assessment of work behavior for people with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal, 20(4), 47-55. Appendix contains list of items.


Assessment Tools – Resources Oriented


MOS Social Support Scale

Sherbourne, C. D., & Stewart, A. L. (1991). The MOS Social Support Survey. Social Science and Medicine, 32(6), 705-714.

Available from: http://www.rand.org/health/surveys_tools/mos/mos_socialsupport.html


Needs and Resources Assessment Interview

Corrigan, P. W., Buican, B., & McCracken, S. (1995). The Needs and Resources Assessment Interview for severely mentally ill adults. Psychiatric Services, 46(5), 504-505.



Other Resources


Blankertz, L., & Cook, J. A. (1998). Choosing and using outcome measures. Psychosocial Rehabilitation Journal, 22(2), 167-174.


MacDonald-Wilson, K. L., & Nemec, P. (in press). Assessment in psychiatric rehabilitation. In B.F. Bolton & R. M. Parker (Eds.), Handbook of measurement and evaluation in rehabilitation, 4th edition. Austin, TX: Pro-Ed.


MacDonald-Wilson, K. L., Rogers, E. S., & Anthony, W. A. (2001). Unique issues in assessing work function among people with psychiatric disabilities. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation, 11(3), 217-232.


Compendium of Cultural Competence Initiatives in Health Care

The Henry J. Kaiser Family Foundation (2003)