NAPSA Standards on Pretrial Release, 2020 Edition
The NAPSA has published its revised 2020 Edition of the National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies’ (NAPSA) Standards on Pretrial Release continues the mandate of previous Editions—to describe the components of an effective, legal, and evidence-based bail system. It also updates the Standards with the developing body of knowledge about best and promising practices in the pretrial field and changes to the legal definition of and the requirements for fair and reasonable bail decision-making. Revisions from past Editions include: (1) a focus on a systems approach to improving bail decision making, with broader and more defined roles for the court, prosecution, and defense; (2) greater recognition and advocacy of pretrial services agencies as an essential element of effective bail systems; (3) a call to ban the use of money as a type of bail, a requirement of pretrial supervision or a means of detention; and, (4) support for empirically developed and validated pretrial risk assessments to help predict the likelihood of return to court and arrest-free pretrial behavior and to assist in identifying conditions appropriate to specified risk factors. View the complete document here
New Diversion Resources
Diversion 101, is a series of articles that offers a new framework for understanding diversion. Developed by the Center for Effective Public Policy in partnership with the National Association of Pretrial Services Agencies, Diversion 101 advances the foundational work done in the field of diversion to date and offers a roadmap for planning, implementing, and sustaining research-based diversionary options. Funded by the Bureau of Justice Assistance, the series examines pre-conviction diversion options, provides clarity around their purposes, proposes guiding principals, and explores their public safety and other benefits. You can find the new articles here.
NEW Publication: Using Front End Interventions to Achieve Public Safety and Healthy Communities
The symposium highlighted promising law enforcement, prosecutorial, and judicial interventions at the pretrial stage and promoted dialogue among justice practitioners on how front-end interventions could fit within an evidence-based, harm reduction-focused criminal justice framework. As illustrated above, participants at the symposium learned about and considered various alternative approaches to increasing public safety and addressing health issues facing their communities. They also shared their experiences with—and perspectives on—implementing front-end interventions in their own jurisdictions. Publication now available here.
Federal Probation - September 2018 issue now online
This special issue deals with the subject of "Pretrial Services: Front-End Justice" and is available online.
Pretrial Release and Probation: What is the Same and What is Different? By: Timothy R. Schnacke (August, 2018)
Pretrial release and Probation are outwardly similar, and jurisdictions across the country have routinely turned to probation entities to house pretrial services functions, which are beginning to be seen as essential ingredients of criminal justice systems lawfully and effectively administering pretrial release and detention. Despite these similarities, however, the significant differences between pretrial release and probation, including differences in histories, purposes, legal foundations, and research, mean that we must act with caution when adding or consolidating functions. This paper, written by Timothy R. Schnacke, is designed to be a part of the helpful literature that jurisdictions can use to develop lawful and effective pretrial systems, especially when those systems will be operating within probation entities or combined with probation functions. You can download the document here.
NAPSA President Penny Stinson's message on U.S. v. Salerno
Friday, May 26 marks the 30th anniversary of the U.S. Supreme Court decision in the case of U.S. v. Salerno. Please read NAPSA President Penny Stinson's remarks on this important day in pretrial justice history.
NEW NIC Publication!
Myths & Facts, Series II: "Using Risk and Need Assessments to Enhance Outcomes and Reduce Disparities in the Criminal Justice System"
This "Myths & Facts" package includes a one-page list of myths and facts along with a research-based supporting document to help dispel three specific myths regarding the use of risk and need assessments within the criminal justice system. A description and relevant research to dispel each myth is provided. Our network believes that risk and need assessments currently provide the most accurate, objective prediction of the risk to recidivate. While risk and need assessments do not predict with perfect accuracy, they guide practitioners in the field towards the most accurate and equitable decisions available for safely managing justice-involved individuals. To read the report, click here.
"A Framework for Pretrial Justice: Essential Elements of an Effective Pretrial System and Agency"
This publication is a guide for jurisdictions interested in improving current elements of their pretrial systems or creating needed procedures and practices. It will also serve as a resource for practitioners and policy makers to compare current pretrial release and diversion practices to recognized evidence-based and best practices and national standards. NAPSA is proud to partner with NIC to help deliver this critical document to the pretrial field. To read the report, click here.