Gun violence – whether rampage shootings, homicides or suicides – is a potential reality all campuses have to face. This book provides leaders in higher education – and particularly those in student affairs – with data about past incidents, an analysis of trends, and background on the national debate about gun policies and how they impact colleges, state by state. It importantly raises issues about student psychological development, mental health, and the prevalence of alcohol and substance abuse on campus, to better inform discussion about allowing guns on campus and concealed carry. It concludes by sharing strategies for averting gun-related tragedies, and offering models for responding when they occur, based on lessons learned and best practices.
The extensive opening analysis of the campus shooting deaths in recent years both provides a trend line and a means to categorize them according to motive, underlying factors such as mental health or alcohol abuse, types of arms used, and whether the perpetrators were associated with the institution.
The book addresses concealed carry legislation and its impact on campus policies by state, examining the concerns of administrators as they discharge their duty of care to students and comply with legal and regulatory frameworks. Asking “Are our students developmentally ready to make a morally sophisticated, life-changing decision to use firearms in response to a real or perceived threat?”, it offers important perspectives and scientific data, so far absent from the debate, to shape the ongoing conversation with lawmakers and the public about what it takes to keep college communities safe.
In addressing risk and prevention, contributors cover the relationship between violence and mental health, and the need to establish comprehensive strategic plans and a preventative framework that promotes help-seeking for those in need before they reach the point of crisis, as well as a campus-wide risk assessment team, stressing the importance of cultivating a community-wide approach to campus safety by empowering members to report suspicious behavior. They also offer guidance on improving effective behavior intervention and case management processes.
The book concludes by outlining best practices, and providing guidance on developing an emergency plan, practicing and testing systems, and creating a robust communications strategy. Individual chapters focus on how small colleges with limited resources can develop effective plans into by partnering with local agencies; as well as on the steps that community colleges – who generally lack resident advisors and residential staff, and whose students are far more dispersed – can take to diminish risk and respond promptly and professionally to a crisis.
This is an essential guide for all higher education leaders concerned about preventing violence on our campuses, and a call to action.
Table of Contents:
Foreword—Kevin Kruger and Cindi Love
1) Murder in Academe: An Overview of Rampage Shootings and More Conventional Homicides that Touch Universities and Colleges 2009-2014—Rick Ferraro
2) Concealed Carry Legislation and Changing Campus Policies—Kerry Brian Melear and Mark St. Louis
3) Creating an Emotionally Healthy Community to Promote Campus Safety—Maggie Balistreri-Clarke and Peter Meagher
4) Student Development Theory in the Campus Gun Debate—Ainsley Carry and Amy Hecht
5) Risk and Threat Assessment—John H. Dunkle and Brian J. Mistler
6) Behavior Intervention and Case Management—Jen Day Shaw and Sarah B. Westfall
7) Timely Warning and Crisis Communication—Jeanna Mastrodicasa and Greg Nayor
8) A Small School Perspective—Steve Jacobson and Sheila Lambert
9) A Community College Perspective: Preparing for Active Shooter Events—Lance Jones and Scott Peska
10) In His Words: The Tragic Reality—T. Ramon Stuart
11) Violence Prevention in Modern Academia: Best Practices for Campus Administrators—Katrina A. Slone and Melanie V. Tucker
About the Contributors