Jerry Annand, MA, Private Practice, Annand Counseling, Beaverton, ORDescription:
With the advent of mainstreaming, persons with developmental disabilities have increasingly developed addiction. Traditional A/D treatment programs rely on cognition- reading, writing, and insight so they are not effective with this population. To be effective programs must make more than slight adjustments or reasonable accommodations to existing treatment stratagiess. The goals of treatment must be changed from achieving understanding, insight, and acceptance to developing a routine of living that supports abstinence. The tools become specific behavioral interventions.