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Epidemiology: Concepts and Methods
$51.00 $54.00
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William A. Oleckno (2008)

Comprehensive in its coverage and suitable for graduate and upper-division undergraduate students and professionals in a wide range of health-related disciplines, this latest offering by William A. Oleckno is a full-scale, pedagogically rich introduction to fundamental ideas and procedures in epidemiology. The text covers the major concepts, principles, methods, and applications of both conventional and modern epidemiology using clear language and frequent examples to illustrate important points and facilitate understanding.

While the author provides thorough treatment of the more customary aspects of conventional and modern epidemiology, he also introduces several important design and analytical issues that are only rarely approached in fundamental epidemiology textbooks. Concepts as diverse as competing risks, maturation, futility, and the prevalence and bias effects in the context of screening are just a few examples of the broad range of concepts covered in this text. A comprehensive glossary contains detailed definitions of over 700 terms used throughout the 14 chapters comprising the textbook.

Aspiring and current public health professionals will appreciate the solid basis they gain from Epidemiology: Concepts and Methods and will want to keep a copy close by as a valuable reference throughout their careers.
649 pages, paperback.


Table of Contents
Preface
About the Author


1. The Scope and Significance of Epidemiology
Introduction
Importance of Epidemiology to Public Health
Some Applications of Epidemiology
Definition of Epidemiology
Summary
2. The Evolutionary Roots of Epidemiology
Introduction
Early Pioneers of Epidemiology
The Modern Era
Summary
3. Selected Disease Concepts in Epidemiology
Introduction
Common Models of Disease and Health
Natural History of Disease
Levels of Prevention
Immunity to Disease
Summary
4. An Overview of Epidemiologic Study Designs
Introduction
Categories of Epidemiologic Studies
Descriptive Studies
Analytic Studies
Experimental Studies
Identifying Epidemiologic Study Designs
Summary
5. Basic Measures of Occurrence in Epidemiology
Introduction
Measures of Incidence
Measures of Prevalence
General Health and Population Indices
Other Measures of Occurrence
Confidence Intervals for Incidence and Prevalence
Summary
6. Comparing Measures of Occurrence in Epidemiology
Introduction
Crude and Specific Rates
Adjusted Rates
Age Adjustment
Measures of Association
Testing for Statistical Significance
Summary
7. Association and Causation in Epidemiology
Introduction
Types of Association
Types of Causes
Guidelines for Assessing Causation
Summary
8. Assessing the Accuracy of Epidemiologic Studies
Introduction
Accuracy of a Study
Bias
Confounding
Random Error
Summary
9. Ecological and Cross-Sectional Studies
Introduction
Analytic Ecological Studies
Descriptive Ecological Studies
Analytic Cross-Sectional Studies
Descriptive Cross-Sectional Studies
Summary
10. Case-Control Studies
Introduction
Conceptual Overview
Key Design Features
Analysis and Interpretation of Case-Control Studies
Controlling Confounding
Effective Measure Modification
Advantages and Disadvantages of Case-Control Studies
Variation in the Case-Control Design
Summary
11. Cohort Studies
Introduction
Types of Cohort Studies
Key Design Issues
Overall Analysis of Cohort Studies
Evaluating Confounding and Effect Measure Modification
Induction and Latency Periods
Advantages and Disadvantages of Cohort Studies
Summary
12. Experimental and Quasi-Experimental Studies
Introduction
Randomized Controlled Trials
Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials
Major Advantages and Disadvantages of Randomized Controlled Trials
Group Randomized Trials
Quasi-Experimental Studies
Summary
13. Screening for Disease and Other Conditions
Introduction
Types of Screening
Screening Programs: To Screen or Not to Screen?
Evaluating Screening Programs
Summary
14. Disease Outbreaks, Disease Clusters, and Public Health Surveillance
Introduction
Disease Outbreak Investigation
Epidemic Curves and Types of Outbreaks
Testing Hypotheses Using Analytic Studies
Disease Clusters
Public Health Surveillance
Summary
Appendix A: Practical Resources in Epidemiology
Appendix B: Surveys and Data Systems National Center for Health Statistics
Appendix C: Ten Common Health and Population Indices Used in Epidemiology
Glossary
Index
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