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Environmental Engineering, EH & Safety (Sixth Edition)
$130.00 $140.00
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Edited by Nelson L. Nemerow, PhD; Franklin J. Agardy, PhD; Patrick Sullivan, PhD; and Joseph A. Salvato (2009)

First published in 1958, Salvato’s Environmental Engineering has long been the definitive reference for generations of sanitation and environmental engineers. Approaching its 50th year of continual publication in a rapidly changing field, the sixth edition has been fully reworked and reorganized into three separate, succinct volumes to adapt to a more complex and scientifically demanding field with dozens of specializations.

Updated and reviewed by leading experts in the field, this revised edition offers new coverage of industrial solid wastes utilization and disposal, the use of surveying in environmental engineering and land use planning, and environmental assessment. Stressing the practicality and appropriateness of treatment, the sixth edition provides realistic solutions for the practicing public health official or environmental engineer.

Environmental Engineering: Environmental Health and Safety for Municipal Infrastructure, Land Use and Planning, and Industry covers:

  • municipal and industrial waste and pollution including landfills and facility, office, and residential sanitation, and air quality;
  • the environmental health of residential and institutional spaces such as homes and offices, including indoor air quality, sanitation, and the impact of substandard construction techniques;
  • land use planning and forensics techniques for investigating repurposed industrial and agricultural land;
  • air pollution and noise control; and
  • surveying and mapping for environmental engineering.

A study reference for NEHA's REHS/RS exam.

556 pages, hardback.


Table of Contents
Preface
Contributors


Chapter 1: Industrial Solid Wastes Utilization and Disposal
Introduction

Life Cycle Assessment and Cradle-To-Cradle Concept

Industrial Waste

Plastics Industry

Thermo Plastics
Thermosets
Mixed Plastic Wastes
Food Industry
Aerobic Fermentation Process
Anaerobic Fermentation Process
Cement Industry
Utilization through Cleaner Production Techniques
Industrial Ecology Approach
Recycling Opportunities
Final Remarks
Marble and Granite Waste
Marble and Granite Waste
Physical and Chemical Properties of Slurry
Scrapes
Environmental Impacts and Mitigation
Metal Foundry Industry
Foundry Sand
Uses of Foundry Sand
Iron and Steel Industry
Environmental Impacts
The Problem in Egypt
Potential Utilization of Slag
Final Remarks
Waste Industry
Direct Waste Recycling Industry
Multiple Waste Recycling Industry
Waste Exchange Network Recycling Industry
Environmentally Balanced Industrial Complexes
Multiple Waste Recycling Industry
Mechanical Tests
Environmental Tests
Final Remarks
Disposal of Industrial Wastes

References

Bibliography

Chapter 2: Residential and Institutional Environment
Substandard Housing and Its Effects
Growth of the Problem
Critical Period
Health, Economic, and Social Effects
Appraisal of Quality of Living
APHA Appraisal Method
Census Data
Health, Economic, and Social Factors
Planning
Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Indices
Other Survey Methods
Health Principles
Minimum Standards Housing Ordinance
Housing Program
Approach
Components of a Good Housing Program
Outline of a Housing Program
Solutions to the Problem
Selection of Work Areas
Enforcement Program
Enforcement Procedures
Housing Form Paragraphs for Letters
Structural Safety
Incomplete Bathroom
No Hot Water
Leaking Water Closet
Floors Not Water Repellent
Exterior Pant Needed
Rotted and Missing Siding
Sagging Wall
Loose Plaster
Leaking Roof
No Gutters or Rain Leaders
No Handrails
Lead Paint
Refuse in Attic
Water-Closet Flush Tank Not Operating Correctly
Garbage Stored in Paper Box or Bag
Dilapidated Garbage Shed
Debris in Yard or Vacant Lot
Dirty Apartment
Overcrowded Sleeping Room
No Window in Habitable Room
Unlawful Third-Floor Occupancy
Unlawful Cellar Occupancy
Clogged Sewer
Invented Heater
Furnace Flue Defective
Rubber-Hose Gas Connection
Rat Infestation
Roach Infestation
Overflowing Sewage Disposal System
Improperly Protected Well-Water Supply
Major Repairs
Minor Repairs
Obtain at Least Three Estimates
Plumbing
Plumbing Code
Backflow Prevention
Indirect Waste Piping
Plumbing Details
Indoor Air Quality
Causes and Sources of Indoor Air Pollution
Biological Contaminants and Health Effects
Other Contaminants
Ventilation
Respiratory Illness Control
Venting of Health Units
Mobile Home Parks Institution Sanitation
Institutions as Small Communities
Hospitals and Nursing Homes
Hospitals and Related Wastes
Schools, Colleges, and Universities
Correctional Institutions
Environment Inspection and Report Outline
Day-Care Centers
References

Bibliography

Chapter 3: Solid Waste Management
Definition of Terms

Integrated Waste Management
Source Reduction
Recycling and Composting
Combustion (Waste-to-Energy)
Landfills
Implementing Integrated Solid Waste Management
Sources, Characteristics, and Quantities of Solid Waste
Sources of Solid Waste
Characteristics of Solid Waste
Commercial and Household Hazardous Waste
Construction and Demolition Debris
Special Wastes Collected Separately
On-Site Handling and Storage
Low-Rise Residential Areas
Low- and Medium-Rise Apartments
Commercial and Institution
Solid Waste Collection
Types of Service
Collection Frequency
Types of Collection Systems
Personnel Requirements
Health Issues
Transfer and Transport
Economic Analysis of Transfer Operations
Types of Transfer Stations
Vehicles for Uncompacted Wastes
Transfer Station Siting Issues
Waste Reduction and Materials Recovery
Waste Reduction
Materials Recovery and Recycling
Processing Technologies for the Recovery of Materials
Implementation of Materials Recovery Facilities
Technical Considerations in the Planning and Design of MRFs
Composting
Uses of Compost and Constraints to Its Use
Composting Process
Composting Technologies
Compost Process Design and Operational Considerations
Issues in the Implementation of Composting Facilities
Health Hazards
Sanitary Landfill Planning, Design, and Operation
Sanitary Landfill Planning
Sanitary Landfill Methods
General Landfill Design Issues
Leachate Generation, Control, and Treatment
Landfill Gas Generation, Control, and Recovery and Utilization
Management of Surface Waters
Landfill Mining
Landfill Facilities and Equipment for Disposal by Sanitary Landfill
Landfill Operation and Supervision
Summary of Recommended Operating Practices
Site Closure or Conversion
Incineration
Description of Operation of MSW Incinerator
Combustion Products and Residues
Types of Incinerators (Combusters)
Control of the Incineration Process
Residue Management
Site Selection, Plant Layout, and Building Design
Issues in the Implementation of Incineration Facilities
Hazardous Wastes
Definition of Hazardous Waste
Legislation
Generation of Hazardous Waste
Hazardous Waste Management
References

Bibliography

Chapter 4: Air Pollution and Noise Control
Air Pollution
Health Effects
Economic Effects
Effects on Plants
Effects on Animals
Aesthetic, Climatic, and Related Effects
Sources and Types of Air Pollution
Manmade Sources
Natural Sources
Types of Air Pollutants
Sampling and Measurement
Particulate Sampling—Ambient Air
Gas Sampling
Smoke and Soil Measurement
Stack Sampling
Measurement of Materials’ Degradation
Environmental Factors
Meteorology
Topography
Air Pollution Surveys
Inventory
Air Sampling
Basic Studies and Analyses
Ambient Air Quality Standards
Federal Standards
Clean Air Act of 1990
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1997
Pollutant Standards Index (PSI)
Controls
Source Control
Emission Control Equipment
Particulate Collectors and Separators
Gaseous Collectors and Treatment Devices
Dilution by Stack Height
Planning and Zoning
Air Quality Modeling
Program and Enforcement
General
Organization and Staffing
Regulation and Administration
Noise Control
Definitions and Explanation of Selected Terms and Properties of Sound
Effects of Noise—A Health Hazard
Sources of Noise
Measurement of Noise
Control of Industrial Noise
Control of Transport Noise
Noise Reduction
Federal Regulations
State and Local Regulations
References

Bibliography
Air Pollution
Noise Control
Chapter 5: Surveying and Mapping for Environmental Engineering
Introduction

Importance of Maps

Basic Definitions and Concepts
Foundational Elements for Creation of Maps
Map Projections
Tangent Plane Projection
Lambert Projection
Mercator Projection
Transverse Mercator Projection
Other Projections
The State Plane Coordinate System
Survey Control Networks
The National Geodetic Survey Control System
U.S. Public Land Survey System

Map Requirements for Planning and Environmental Engineering
Engineering
Desirable Control Survey and Mapping System
Applications of Mapping Systems
Flood Hazard Area Mapping
Wetland Area Mapping
Public Works Management Information System
Sanitary Sewerage System Attribute Data
Survey Methods

Bibliography

Chapter 6: Planning and Environmental Assessment
Introduction

Definition of Terminology

Criteria for Good Planning

Institutional Structure for Urban Planning

The Comprehensive Plan

The Planning Process
Definition of Planning Area
Inventory and Analysis
Formulation of Objectives and Standards
Identification of Development Requirements
Development and Evaluation of Alternative Plans
Plan Selection and Adoption
Plan Implementation and Policy Development
Public Works Development Process
Outline for a Sewerage Facilities Planning Report
Outline for a Stormwater Management Facilities Planning Report
Outline for a Water Supply Facilities Planning Report
Public Participation

Continuing Nature of Comprehensive Planning Process

Project Planning

Site Planning
Introduction
Site Selection
Site Assessment
Generally Desirable Site Features
Site Inventory
Improvements Needed
Site Design
Land Subdivision
Subdivision Design
Site Selection and Assessment
Alternative Subdivision Design Types
Utility Services
Fiscal Analysis
Program Planning

Operational Planning
Public Health Element of Comprehensive Plan
Role of Engineering

Environmental Assessment and Impact Statements

Environmental Impact Analysis
National Environmental Policy Act (NEPA)
Terminology
Scoping
Recommended Format for Environmental Impact Statement
Content of an Environmental Impact Statement
Selection and Analysis of Alternatives
Comprehensive Assessment
Bibliography

Index
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